Date: July 30, 1570.
Armies: The Union of Oda Nobunaga & Tokugawa Ieyasu v.s. The Union of Azai Nagamasa & Asakura Yoshikage.
25,000 vs 18,000
Winner: The Union Oda Tokugawa
The battle of Anegawa happens because Azai Nagamasa betrayed Oda Nobunaga. Azai Nagamasa married Oichi, the sister of Oda Nobunaga. Therefore, Oda and Azai formed an alliance.
However, when Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu were invading Echizen, the land of Asakura clan, Azai Nagamasa suddenly betrayed Nobunaga and attacked Nobunaga from back to cut off the retreat and military depot.
Nobunaga and his ally Ieyasu were just about defeated because of Nagamasaz’s betrayal. This battle is called the Battle of Kanagasaki. After Nobunaga escaped from Echizen to Kyoto, he immediately assembled his army and attacked the traitor.
Nobunaga assembled about 20,000 armies and order Ieyasu to join this battle. Ieyasu brought 5000 armies. They left July 9 at Gifu Castle. Nagamasa had 8,000 of his armies and asked Yoshikage for help. Yoshikage send his general, Asakura Kagetake, with his army 10,000 armies. This is where both armies meet just before the battle.
In July 29, Nobunaga surrounded Yokoyama Castle. It’s a branch castle of Oyama Castle that is the castle of Nagamasa. Nobunaga also settled his headquarter at Tatsugabana.
In easy morning in July 30, Azai and Asakura settled their headquarters on the north side of Anegawa river, and Ieyasu and Nobunaga settled their headquarters on the south side of Anegawa river. Ieyasu was facing against Asakura's army, and Nobunaga was facing against Nagamasa's army.
It is very famous that Nobunaga divided his army into 13 units and layered them in front of his headquarter.
At the sun rise, Ieyasu attacked Asakura, and Isono Kazumasa ran over the river and attacked Nobunaga. The battle was very aggressive, and both of the armies lost many soldiers. Around the noon, Kajiwara Yasumasa, Ieyasu's separate unite, attacked Asakura Kagetake from the side, and Kagetake's army fell into utter confusion. Then, Magara Jurozaemon Naotaka, the strongest warrior of Asakura clan was kill. Kagetaka lost his control of his army and retreated to Echizen.
At the same moment, Nagamasa broke 11 Nobunaga's units out of 13 units. Nobunaga was thinking his defeat again. However, as soon as Ieyasu defeated Asakura, he attacked Nagamasa from the side. Nagamasa couldn't hold the attack, and he also retreated to Odani Castle.
Nobunaga wanted to attack Odani castle and kill Nagamasa, but Odani castle was well known as the hardest mountain castle. So, he left Hashiba Hideyoshi to surround this castle.
2 years later, both Nagamasa and Asakura clan was abandoned by Nobunaga.