Enshrines: 1st Japanese Emperor Jinmu and Empress Himetatara-isuzuhime.
Established in: 1890 by the 122nd Emperor Meiji.
Emperor Jinmu was a great grandson of Ninigino-mikoto, and ascended the throne as the 1st Tenno, the Emperor of Japan. He was also called in ancient times "Kamuyamato-iwarehiko-hohodemino-sumeramikoto." His Empress Himetatara-isuzuhime was a daughter of Ohomononushi-mikoto.
Emperor Jinmu is the descendant of Amaterasu Omikami, the main god of Japanese myth. The family lived at Takachio of Hyuga. When he was 45 years old, he decided to expand the land to the east. Because legend said, there is a beautiful land on the east that would be a great place to build a new capital.
His eastern expedition reached the land of Kawachi, current Osaka. However, local powerful family in Kawachi was strong and Emperor Jinmu was defeated once.
So he decided to travel to the southern Kii peninsula. To support him, Amaterasu Omikami gave divine sword and Yata crow for his guidance. His army entered the land of Nara. People in Nara supported Jinmu and finally he conquered the land around Nara and Kawachi.
He became Tenno, the Emperor at this place when he was 52 years old. He passed away when he was 127 and buried at Kashihara.
In the Meiji period, people petitioned the government to establish a shrine at the old site of Kashihara Imperial Palace in order to worship the sacred virtue of Emperor Jinmu. Emperor Meiji, was deeply pleased with this petition and decided to grant two buildings in the Kyoto Imperial Palace. Current the Outer Pray Hall and other buildings were built for the 2,600 years Anniversary of Japan.
New Year's Day Festival: January 1.
Commencement Festival: January 3.
Anniversary Festival of Emperor Jinmu's Accession: February 11.
Spring Matsuri: April 2 and 3.
Niiname Matsuri: November 23.
Official Web Site: http://www.naranet.co.jp/kashiharajingu/