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Hieizan Enryakuji Temple

Informasi Wisata

Hieizan Enryakuji Temple (比叡山延暦寺) is one of two tops Buddhism temple located in Shiga Pref. It was established in 788 by Priest Saicho. The entire mountain that is 848m tall is a part of the Enryakuji.
Enryakuji is designated as the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Saicho travel to China to study Tendai Buddhism in 804 A.C.E. Many famous Buddhist Priests were trained at Enryakuji here. This temple was the first official Buddhist school established next to Koyasam. The main hole, Komponchudo, is registered as the national treasure. It was constructed in 1642 donated by Tokugawa Iemitsu.

Visitor's Info.
There are parking and restroom.
Time: 9:00 to 16:00 (Mar.to Nov.), 9:30 to 15:30 (Dec.), 9:00 to 16:00 (Jan. and Feb.)
Admission: 1,000 Yen.

Access
0. at Kusatsu Station.
1. use JR Tokaido Line to Yamashina Station.
2. use JR Kosai Line to Hieizan Sakamoto Station.
3. use a local bus to Cable Car Satamoto Station.
4. use a cable car to Hieizan Enryakuji.


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Detailed Travel Guide

Hieizan Enryakuji Temple
With the support of Emperor Kanmu, the priest Saicho ordained a hundred disciples in 807 ACE. Maintaining a strict discipline on Mt. Hiei, his monks lived in seclusion for twelve years of study and meditation. After this period, the best students were retained in positions in the monastery and others graduated into positions in the government. At the peak of its power, Enryaku-ji was a huge complex of as many as 3,000 sub-temples and a powerful army of warrior monks. In the tenth century, succession disputes broke out between Tendai monks of the line of Ennin and Enchin. These disputes resulted in opposing Tendai centers at Enryaku-ji and at Mii-dera, known respectively as the Mountain Order and the Temple Order. Warrior monks were used to settling the disputes, and Tendai leaders began to hire mercenary armies who threatened rivals and even marched on the capital to enforce monastic demands.

Today, most of Enryaku-ji's buildings are clustered in three areas: To-do , Sai-to, and Yokokawa. The monastery's most important buildings are concentrated in To-do.

Todo Area
Kompon Chudo, the National Treasure
After the destruction of Enryakuji by Oda Nobunaga, this building was constructed in 1642 by the donation of Tokugawa Iemitsu. It is 37.6m wide, 23.9m deep and 24.2m tall. The public worshipping room and the secret script are leveled in the same height, but there is a space between them is 3m lower to separate this world and sacred world. It enshrines the Yakushinyorai Statue by Priest Saicho.

Monjuro Gate
It is constructed in 1668 and registered as the national cultural asset. It is also the main gate of this area.
Kaidanin Temple

It is an important cultural asset and the most important temple of Mt. Hiei, where monks take solemn vows and accept the Mahayana religious precepts. In 822 ACE, the Emperor Saga permitted this temple to be built a week after the death of Dengyo Daishi, priest Saicho (767 to 822 ACE the founder of the Tendai Buddhism, who had devoted his life and soul to this temple, his successor Gishin the first head preist of Enryakuji, built in 828 ACE. It was in this temple that Mahayana Buddhism officially declared its indepence from Nara and Hinayana Buddhism in Japan.

Daikodo
Constructed in 1634 and removed from Sakamoto Toshogu Shrine. It is an important cultural asset.

Saido Area
Shakado
It is an important cultural asset constructed in 1347. The oldest building in Hieizan. It was removed from Onjoji temple.
Constructed in 1347

Jogyo-do and Hokke-do temple
Both of these temples are important cultural assets. They are also called "Ninai-do." Ninai can be interpreted in many different ways. The most popular understanding is Benkei's Ninai from an anecdote monk Benkei who once lifted both temples over his shoulders. Another meaning is to illustrate the union between two temples... between the Lotus Sutra and the Nenbutsu.

The image of Buddha "Amida" is enshrined in the Jogyo-do temple and an image of Fugen Boddhisattva is enshrined in the Hokke-do temple, Jogyo-do temple is used to train monks for Jogyozanmai, walking meditation, and Hokke-do temple is used to train monks for Hokkezanmai, waking and sitting meditations.